A patent is an exclusive right grant for an invention which provides a new way of doing something or offers a technical solution to your problem. To get a patent application, the patent must disclose to the public in the patent application. The rights of the patent holder must be guarded properly and to overlook that, WIPO has been formed. The question that would instantaneously to your mind be: What is WIPO i.e. World Intellectual Property Organization. The patent is one of the 17 specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN). It was formed in 1967 “to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world”. It currently has 189 member states, administers 26 international treaties and has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. The current Director-General of WIPO is Francis Gurry, who assumed office on October 1, 2008.
It has established a network named WIPOnet, a global information platform. Adding to that, WIPOnet is the foundation of the WIPO. It laid all the foundation for the intellectual property rights for it.
The economics and statistics division is responsible for collecting statistics on IP activity worldwide and making these available to the general public. It also carries out economic analysis on how IP and innovation policy choices affect economic performance.
In 1967 in Stockholm, the WIPO was created through the signing of the Convention. In 1974, it became a UN specialized agency and has been one since then. It has had four Director-General till date. 90% of the people are its members.
What Is Patentable?
The invention will be qualified when the invention is :
- New – An invention is new if it is different from other similar inventions and never been made public in any way, anywhere in the world, before the date on which the application for a patent is filed.
- Involve an inventive step – If when compared with what is already known, it would not be obvious to someone with good knowledge and experience of the subject.
- Be capable of industrial application – An invention should be capable of being made or used in industry. This means that the invention must take the practical form of an apparatus or device, a product such as some new material or an industrial process or method of operation.
Role of WIPO
The role of WIPO with regard to patent is as follows:
- Assisting campaigns development to improve IP protection all over the world and harmonize national legislation.
- Signing international agreements on IP protection.
- Rendering technical and legal assistance in the field of intellectual property.
- Collecting and spreading information along with conducting researches and publishing results.
- Ensuring the proper facilitation of the International Intellectual Property (IP) protection.
The most important function is to facilitate multilateral international conventions. The WIPO administers people in the field of industrial property, copyrights, patents and other rights with patents being the one of prime importance.
Other main functions of it are:
- Improving national legislation in the field of Intellectual Property (IP) using the experience of other countries and their harmonization tendencies.
- Strengthening the role of IP in the scientific, technical and economic fields.
- Improving the law enforcement activities to prevent violations in the field of IP.
- Strengthening the technical potential of the use of IP.